Wajahat Ali Malik


Criminal Responsibility and Pakistani Laws

Wajahat Ali Malik The term criminal responsibility refers to a person’s ability to understand his or her conduct at the time a crime is committed. In other words, what a person is thinking when he commits a crime, or what result is anticipated or expected when a crime is committed. Laws define crimes in terms of an act or omission (actus reas) and a mental state (mens reas), so criminal responsibility relates to the mental state element of a crime. In order to be convicted of a particular crime, there must be proof that the person engaged in the alleged […]


The Juvenile Justice System Act 2018 – An Overview

by Wajahat Ali Malik On May 18 2018, the President of Pakistan approved the Juvenile Justice System Act (JJSA) 2018, which was passed by the Parliament earlier this year. JJSA 2018 overcomes the shortcomings which were present in Juvenile Justice System Ordinance 2000, and provides a much better system for criminal justice and social reintegration for juvenile offenders. The Act defines a child according to the definition of UNCRC as ‘a person who has not attained the age of eighteen years’. JS Act 2018 classifies the criminal offences into following three different categories: 1) Minor, which means an offence for which maximum […]