Daily Archives: January 5, 2021


Child, early and forced marriages

Wajahat Ali Malik Child marriage and early marriage mostly refer to a marriage in which one or both spouses are under 18 years of age. However, early marriage is sometimes used to describe a marriage where one or both spouses are 18 or older, but are without free and full consent. For example, the marriage of a 19-year-old who is not physically or emotionally mature, or unable to make decisions, would be considered an early marriage. Whereas in forced marriages, one or both spouses are unable to give full, free and informed consent about marriage, regardless of their age. Forced […]


Lahore High Court Declares ‘Two Finger’ Virginity Test Illegal

The Lahore High Court (LHC) on Monday declared virginity tests, including the two-finger test (TFT) for examination of sexual assault survivors “illegal and against the Constitution”, saying they had “no forensic value” in cases of sexual violence. In a 30-page judgement, Justice Ayesha A. Malik wrote that the virginity test “offends the dignity of the female victim” and was contradictory to Article 9 and Article 14 of the Constitution, which are related to the security and dignity of a person. The judgement declared that virginity tests are “discriminatory against the female victim as they are carried out on the basis […]